Romans – Introduction and Theme Romans 1:1-17


Romans is known as the greatest of all Paul’s epistles, and it is a book that plows through the deepest issues of Christian faith. It answers burning questions and speaks to perennial issues, and it does so in a way that is both systematic and artful.

The first section of the letter outlines Paul’s relationship with his recipients, and then in 1:7-18, it introduces the theme that is the foundation of this epistle. The key theme here is that men are justified by faith.


The Apostle Paul wrote this letter to the church of Rome in 57 or 58 AD. It is one of the most important books in the New Testament and has had a profound impact on church history.

Verses 1-7 establish Paul’s authority as an apostle and declare the basis for his ministry to the saints at Rome. He next exalts the gospel of Christ.

As the “bond-servant” (Greek doulos) of Jesus, Paul is set apart for the mission of evangelizing and edifying believers, both in this world and in the world to come. He explains that this means the gospel is first and foremost about Jesus, who was born of David’s line and raised from the dead by the power of the Holy Spirit.

He also stresses that this gospel is a promise from God, not just a human invention. It is a message that was promised long ago through the prophets in the Old Testament, namely, the promise of the coming Messiah.

In this way, Paul was able to explain the gospel to the Gentiles without having to explain it from a Jewish point of view. This is a theme that we can see again and again throughout the New Testament.


The apostle Paul wrote his letter to the Christians at Rome who were primarily Gentiles and were meeting in house churches. They were living in a city remarkable for its sinfulness and its influence on the world, and therefore Paul wanted to tell them about Jesus Christ and His great gospel of salvation.

The message of Romans is clear: God offers all people forgiveness and new life through faith in His Son. This is the foundation of all Christian faith and teaching.

When a person becomes a believer, the Bible tells them to put their trust in Christ and love one another. Romans teaches us how to do this in a way that is pleasing to God and shows that we are followers of Jesus.

This epistle is one of the most widely quoted books in all of Scripture and contains many clear statements of the gospel. It is often the first book a new Christian will read in the Bible.


Paul began this letter to his Roman Christian brothers and sisters by introducing himself, explaining the gospel message, and then encouraging them to “bring about the obedience of faith for the sake of his name” (Romans 1:5; see also Romans 2:1). The overarching theme of this epistle is the gospel.

The gospel is the good news that God sent his Son to die on the cross for our sins and that by accepting that sacrifice, we receive the righteousness of Jesus Christ from start to finish. It is the gospel of the Kingdom, the good news that has saved and is saving every person who comes to faith in the Lord Jesus Christ.

This is a simple yet profound statement of the gospel and it’s central to all of Christianity. The apostle Paul writes about this gospel in his magnum opus, Romans.

Romans is often called the most important book in the Bible because it has such an impact on world history. Many people have come to faith in the Lord Jesus through this amazing book of the Bible, and it’s the only place where you will find what God is saying about the gospel. Whether you are a Christian or not, you will benefit from understanding this powerful book of the Bible and the central message of the gospel.

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